Carnotaurus ("meat-eating bull"), was one of the most bizarre yet dangerous meat-eating dinosaurs ever found. Its skull was short, with spiked armor on the top and a pair of knobby horns over its small eyes. The neck and shoulder blades were well developed, but the arms were incredibly short, with forearms so shrunken they were practically just wrists; not even Tyrannosaurus rex had such small arms.[1]

With its small skull, Carnotaurus might not have been able to attack big plant-eaters, but it was probably fast due to its long and powerfully built legs and could have easily chased down smaller, agile prey.[1] In fact research as indicated that despite Carnotaurus’ small head, its jaws were able to open very widely apart from other theropod dinosaurs in order to catch prey.

The horns of Carnotaurus look something like those of a bull - and like a bull, it may have used them in contests with others of its own species. In this way, two Carnotaurus could test each other's strength without either of them seriously injuring the other.[1]

Carnotaurus has become quite famous as a result of its starring role in the Disney animated film Dinosaur, however the animal depicted in the film are closer in size to Tyrannosaurus rex than the actual real Carnotaurus.

Wikipedia has a more detailed and comprehensive article on Carnotaurus


Two Carnotaurus were recreated for the original Jurassic Park, but they were never transferred to Isla Nublar. It is unknown what happened to them after Hurricane Clarissa struck the island.

Jurassic World

Genetic material of Carnotaurus was, in 2014, used in the creation of the genetic hybrid Indominus rex.[2]

Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom

Carnotaurus roaring in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom

It is revealed that there are surviving Carnotaurus populations remaining on Isla Nublar, but will now face an impending danger, alongside many other creatures, in the form of an erupting volcano.

These clones looked a bit different from their real-life counterparts. They were slightly oversized, being 10.4 meters (34.10 feet) instead of 9 meters (30 feet) when fully grown, had a broader snout, had pronated wrists like all of InGen’s cloned theropods, has a shrink wrapped face, had spikes rather than rounded osteoderms, lacks lips covering it's teeth, has larger arms than in life with actual elbows, claws on all four fingers rather than just three of the four of the originals, and the speed was reduced. There seem to be two variations of the Carnotaurus: the first variations' coloration is a subdued red with several black marks across its entire body. The other variation is mainly black with reddish-pink marks going from the face and across the back. It is unclear if these different variants are a result of them being different genders, or if they are a result of them being different clones.

Carnotaurus snatching Eli Mills' leg from the Rexy in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom

It first is shown that a Carnotaurus attacked Owen Grady, Claire Dearing and Franklin Webb as the volcano exploded at the Gyrosphere 08. It peers close to the Gyrosphere and roars. Soon, a Sinoceratops starts fighting with the Carnotaurus during the eruption. After a short fight, the Sinoceratops runs off and the Carnotaurus returned to attacking the humans. It begins to charge the humans but the T. rex of Isla Nublar intercepted and pinned it down during the chaos, killing the Carnotaurus in the process.

At least two Carnotaurus were captured by Eli Mills and brought to the Lockwood Manor and were freed along with the other dinosaurs by Maisie Lockwood. One of the Carnotaurus, who has a broken horn and scars on its face, joins the T. rex of Isla Nublar in tearing apart and eating Eli Mills as he attempts to flee the manor with the Indominus rex DNA sample that is eventually destroyed during the attack. The T. rex then knocks over the Carnotaurus with her head and the Carnotaurus gets up and runs off.


Promotional Images


Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom

Jurassic World: Camp Cretaceous



The Lost World

Carnotaurus is encountered in The Lost World. They have near perfect chameleon-like camouflage, able to replicate even patterns and shadows on their skin. A perfect example in the novel as to how little the scientist really know about the creatures, as they are perfect ambush predators but are too slow to actually give chase to prey that might become alerted to their presence. They are active mostly at night. Near the beginning of the second novel, a Carnotaurus kills Dr Levine's guide, Diego, by ambushing him, and dragging him into some nearby ferns, where it promptly kills him.

Carnotaurus from novel map.

Later on, a pair of Carnotaurus come near an abandoned shed at the worker village (where it serves as part of their territory), where Levine, Arby, Kelly, Thorne, Sarah Harding, and Ian Malcolm are all hiding. Thorne was first to be aware of their presence, hearing them breathe when he was about to leave the shed. When Levine turns on the lights to the building the rest were hiding in, the Carnotaurus were briefly exposed to the light before camouflaging again. They then approach Thorne at the shed but are too large to enter. However, Sarah and Levine scare them off with flashlights. With their cover blown, the dinosaurs abandon their attack and are not seen again. As day breaks, other dinosaurs appear in the Carnotaurus territory again, knowing the Carnotaurus cannot hide in daylight.

Jurassic Park III (Novel)

Carnotaurus appears in the novelization of Jurassic Park III, though misspelled "Carnotosaurus", based off the film's original script.

Jurassic Park Adventures: Prey

In the Jurassic Park Adventures book series, Carnotaurus was one of the dinosaurs recreated by InGen that soon went wild on Isla Sorna when the workers fled the island due to Hurricane Clarissa.

The recreated Carnotaurus roamed in packs of roughly four members with one such pack lead by an individual with a red back known as "Big Red". At one point, Dr. Alan Grant did something that angered Big Red so much it wanted personal vengeance against him. It and its pack eventually Eric Kirby and fame-obsessed Simon Tunney and his group of teenagers who were making a film about the dinosaur residents on Isla Sorna. Alarmed, Dr. Grant and his team of Jurassic Park Rangers hurried to rescue the adolescents.

While being chased by the pack of carnivores, Simon Tunney decided to leave his younger brother to the attackers rather than lose the footage he had recorded. But before one of the Carnotaurus could end the life of Simon's brother, Eric Kirby bravely went to save him from his death. Afterward, Dr. Alan Grant and his teammates subdued the dinosaur pack thus ending its rampage.


  • The Carnotaurus is possibly a reference to the Carnotaurus from Disney's Dinosaur who had dark red colouration throughout the top of its head and to the tip of its tail.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (arcade)

The Carnotaurus appears in the arcade adaptations of The Lost World: Jurassic Park as a boss. In the arcade game it can camouflage - similar to their abilities in the novel, but much quicker and extremely destructive. It was also given the eyes of a chameleon, being able to move them independently from another.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (PS)

In the console adaptation of The Lost World: Jurassic Park, Carnotaurus appears only in the Compy level "Sleeping Titan", where it cannot be killed. The player must manoeuvre over the Carnotaurus in order to get past it because directly running from the Carnotaurus will result in the player-controlled Compsognathus to be devoured by the giant dinosaur.

Jurassic Park III: Park Builder

Carnotaurus is also seen in Jurassic Park III: Park Builder.

Jurassic Park: Builder

see Carnotaurus/Builder

Carnotaurus can be created in Jurassic Park: Builder.

Jurassic World: The Game

see Carnotaurus/JW: TG

Carnotaurus can be created in Jurassic World: The Game.

Jurassic World: Evolution

see Carnotaurus/JW: E

Carnotaurus appears in a free Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom DLC for Jurassic World: Evolution, based on the main variant of the dinosaur seen in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom.

Jurassic World: Alive

see Carnotaurus/JW: A

Carnotaurus has been confirmed to appear in Jurassic World: Alive, based on the main variant of the dinosaur seen in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom.

Jurassic Park: Redemption

A Carnotaurus was recreated by Dr. Henry Wu and several other scientists for Tim Murphy's new Jurassic Park near Texas by request from Peter Ludlow, who wanted to sabotage the new park.

When the Carnotaurus reached adult size it went on a rampage by killing more than enough animals that were needed for the new Jurassic Park. Two workers tried to stop it, but they are they are unsuccessful and the Carnotaurus flees to a small town in Texas. While there, the dinosaur kills multiple farmers and their livestock. It hides from the authorities and the people chasing it by hiding in a cave located in the Dinosaur Valley State Park. Some children find it, however, they were quickly scared away by the Carnotaurus.

Afterward, the carnivorous dinosaur came out of hiding to continues its rampage. Its first attack after hiding was destroying a car owned by a woman named Mrs. Felder before proceeding to attack attendants at the County Fair. The Carnotaur then proceeded to hunt and kill a Mussaurus that had been freed by Lewis Dodgson.

Five Carnotaurus toys have been produced for the Jurassic Park toy-lines. The first was an adult (code-named "Demon"), with the second a hatchling produced for Jurassic Park: Series 2. The third is an adult (of a completely different mold) that was produced for The Lost World: Jurassic Park: Series 1 (code-named "Bonebreaker"). The fourth is a new figure of the Carnotaurus set to release as part of the toy-line for Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, and the fifth is made for the film's upcoming LEGO line. A few Carnotaurus figures have been planned but never released. One was made for the Jurassic Park 2011 toy-line but remains an unreleased prototype. A Carnotaurus hatchling on a leash, known as "Blood Hound", was also going to be paired with a human figure known as "Scout Hunter" in The Lost World Series 2 toy-line we only know of this from concept art it is unknown if the set made it as far as production. A third Carnotaurus figure was intended to be released in the "Carnotaurus Carnage" set for Jurassic Park III, but went unreleased for unknown reasons. The 2011 line Carnotaurus would later be created as part of the Jurassic Park 3D toy-line; unfortunately, it remains unreleased like the Stegosaurus of the same line.

Behind the Scenes

  • The color of the level 30 Carnotaurus in Jurassic Park: Builder is similar to the colors of the one from Disney's Dinosaur while the bulkiness of the level 40 Carnotaurus in Jurassic World: The Game is similar to the one in the film as well.
  • The sounds of the Carnotaurus in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom were made from vocalizations from an orangutan and of Styrofoam with a double-bass bow typically used by classical musicians.[3]
  • The coloration of the two Carnotaurus in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom are likely influenced by the two Carnotaurus from the Jurassic Park toy line by Kenner. The first Carnotaurus has a color scheme that resembles the "Bonebreaker" from Series 1 of The Lost World, while the second Carnotaurus has a coloration that is nearly identical to the "Demon" from Series 2 of Jurassic Park.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Holtz T.R. & Brett-Surman M. (2001). Dinosaur Field Guide, page 51.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Jurassic World Website - Dinosaurs - Indominus Rex (2015, January) Retrieved from Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "" defined multiple times with different content


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