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Rugops (meaning "wrinkle face") is a genus of theropod dinosaur which inhabited what is now Africa approximately 95 million years ago (Cenomanian stage of the Late Cretaceous). The discovery of a Rugops skull in Niger in 2000 was a crucial breakthrough in the understanding of the evolution of theropods in that area, and demonstrates that this landmass was still united with Gondwana at that stage in history.

Though known only from a skull, Rugops has been estimated to have grown to nearly 5.3 meters (17 feet) long based on comparisons with its relatives. The skull of Rugops is also weak in comparison to most theropods, indicating it was a scavenger instead of a predator.

Wikipedia has a more detailed and comprehensive article on Rugops

Jurassic Park Franchise

Rugops is illustrated by Timorthy Bradley in the Dinopedia of the Jurassic Park Institute as a flipped and colored Ornithomimoides.

Rugops big.webp



Rugops was used in the creation of the hybrid Indominus rex in Jurassic World. This explains the Indominus' prominent scale ornamentation[1]


Jurassic World Evolution

Rugops is mentioned in the database entry for Indominus rex.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jurassic World Website - Dinosaurs - Indominus Rex (2015, January) Retrieved from http://www.jurassicworld.com/dinosaurs/indominus-rex/